Category Archives: History

Conditions of Voting

One hundred years ago this week women voted for the first time. They did not have quite the same scope as men though, as they had to be thirty and men twenty one.  There were more instances that they did not have the same privileges as their male counterparts. Below an example of how the conditions differed for the male and female voter in 1918.

Sources Londonderry Sentinel 05 December 1918



Firsts: The Election, Women’s Vote and Canvassing for Sinn Fein

On November 14th 1918 the British prime minister announced a general election to be held exactly one month later on December 14th. It was the first time that women had a vote, which increased the electorate from greatly from 700,000 to two million. It was also the fist time that women went up for election.

Countess Markievicz and Winifred Carney were the only two candidates in Ireland. They were members of a very small group of females that were in with a chance of gaining seats for Sinn Fein. The other contenders were Kathleen Clarke, who was in jail in Britain at the time, and some of the men had not problem stepping into her place. Another possibility, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington didn’t take up on the offer as she didn’t have much faith in victory. She would however, take her place in history  as of one of the greatest champions of women’s rights in Ireland to this day.

Women did a lot of the canvassing for the 1918 election, it was a first for them in that respect too. Emily no doubt would have done her share. She no longer enjoyed the free time she had grown used of, on two accounts. Firstly it was at the peak of the Spanish flu epidemic,  as a trained nurse she was working flat out at the time. The second was she had to work as she was left penniless due to the loss of her income from Russian industry, due to the Revolution there the previous year. She would have, as a member of Cumann na mBan dedicated what little time she had to the Sinn Fein election campaign.


See below the video from The Easter Rising Stories, by Marcus Howard, that tells of Countess Markievicz election campaign of  1918


sources:

https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/heritage/1918-timeline-1.3449998

Easter Rising Stories YouTube Channel

http://www.historyvault.ie/the-1918-general-election

https://www.historyireland.com/20th-century-contemporary-history/the-league-of-women-delegates-sinn-fein/

Obituary

On this day November 25th Emily Weddall’s life ended. She was 85 years old. He last days were spent in St. Mary’s in Ballsbridge, Dublin.

Her funeral two days later was attended to the last survivors of her generation. Dr. Kathleen Lynn being one.

The funeral took place from St. Mary’s Home, Clyde Road, Dublin to Glasnevin yesterday, of Mrs. Emily A. Weddall, who was a friend of the brothers’ Pearse.

An early co-worker with An Croabhlin, she started a Gaelic Summer School in 1912 at Keel, Achill, where she lived for many years. ather Rising she worked for the National Aid, organised Cumann na mBan and was imprisoned. during the Black and Tan period and subsequently, she gave devoted service succoring men “on the run”, to whom she unconquerable spirit and boundless generosity were an inspiration.

Mr. Peadar O’Flaherty, solicitor, Enniscorthy, spoke at the graveside.

The attendance included: the Minister for Lands and Mrs. O’Deirg; Miss Stella Frost, Miss Kirkpatrick, Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Elliott, Miceal O’Cleirigh, Dr. Kathleen Lynn, Mrs. Sean O’Briain, Mrs. dwan, Mrs. James Montgomery, Miss Maeve Phelan, Mrs. M. Power, Sean George and Sean Fitzpatrick, Secretary, National Graves Association.

The prayers at the graveside were recited in Irish by Rev. S. Craig.

Emily’s Grave in Glasnevin Cemetery

Sources

Irish Independent November 28 1952

Emily prepares to cast her vote

Since February 6th 1918 women gained the right to vote. Emily and her friends Eva O’Flaherty and Anita McMahon all qualified, but a lot of women did not. If a women was under thirty did not own property rights or was not university educated they did not gain the right. Representation of the People Act, 1918, was the law that afforded women and all men over 21 the right to vote.

In the same year two Irish women went up for election, Countess Markievicz and Winnifred Carney.

1918 was the first time Irish women were permitted by law to vote and stand in parliamentary elections.
1918 was also the year in which the first woman was elected to the British Parliament at Westminster. Countess de Markievicz, who represented a Dublin constituency, never took her seat at Westminster. Instead, she joined the revolutionary first Dáil, becoming the first female TD

https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/visit-and-learn/votail-100/

Winifred Carney was one of the two women who stood in the 1918 general election. She stood in a unionist division of Belfast, and was not elected. A member of the Irish Citizen Army, she was a close friend and secretary to James Connolly. She was in the GPO during Easter 1916 and was interned after the Rising.

https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/visit-and-learn/votail-100/pioneers-in-parliamentary-politics/


The Election was set for December 14th. An educated guess points at Emily and friends voting for Sinn Fein.

Sources

https://www.thejournal.ie/100 years-centenary-women-vote-3828133-Feb2018/

https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/visit-and-learn/votail-100/

Irish Citizen 06 July 1918