Category Archives: 1916 Rising

Countess

On this day in 1927 Countess Markievicz died. She breathed her last in a public ward in Sir Patrick Dunn’s Hospital, Dublin, not the usual setting for a Countess. She had reneged upon a pampered life for a one of service to the poor of her country and then on to fight for that same country.

To read more about her remarkable life:

Countess Markievicz

Her funeral attended by thousands, was held over three days. Her body lay in repose at the Rotunda, on Parnell Square. From there crowded lined to route to Glasnevin Cemetery, to be interned alongside her friends and fellow Republicans, who had gone before her.  

It is impossible to say if Emily Weddall attended the funeral, chances were she was there in the crowd or marching with fellow members of Cumman Na mBan.

The funeral procession took place on Sunday but the burial was not until the following day, Monday as the gravediggers union forbade them to work on Sunday. The Countess’ coffin was held in a vault in the O’Connell Circle, where the founder of the cemetery, and Irish Liberator was originally buried (he was reinterred in a crypt beneath the Irish round tower) in 1869. If she were alive she may have been pleased as;

“DANIEL O’CONNELL (1775-1847) –Daniel O’Connell was a politician, Lord Mayor and human rights activist. He achieved Catholic emancipation and fought for the repeal of the Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland.” (Glasnevin Trust)

Last Post.

The Countess was buried with almost full military honors, the only exclusion was the firing of shots over her grave. At the time such was band by the state, but she did get the all other honors due to her. As a personal touch her uniform, worn during the Rising of 1916 was buried with her.

Over the years she was joined by her friends and fellow Republicans, one by one until that generation came to an end. Emily rests nearby next to Cathal Bruagh and across from Maude Gonne. The Republican Plot is part of the Glasnevin tours, and the graveyard is one of the top Dublin tourist attractions and well worth a visit: https://www.glasnevinmuseum.ie/daily_tours/

Filmed and edited by Marcus Howard. On the 90th anniversary of Countess Constance Markievicz’s death, The 1916 Relatives Association held a special commemorative event in Glasnevin Cemetery. To watch the video;

https://youtu.be/TnaY5mT-SGI

Sources
23 July 1927 – Ballymena Weekly Telegraph – Ballymena, Antrim, Northern Ireland
http://lissadellhouse.com/countess-markievicz/
02 October 1917 – Daily Mirror – London, London, England
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClH7iRo8l6OmCYSZBzwrVbw
https://www.glasnevintrust.ie/visit-glasnevin/interactive-map/daniel-oconnell/

101 Years Ago

Easter week 1916 began as any other for the people of Achill, Emily and Darrell Figgis alike. Nothing out of the ordinary apart from the unseasonably good weather as Figgis described in in his book A chronicle of jails, more or less his prison diary of his time incarcerated during 1916-17.

Tues, April 25th 1916 was filled with sunshine in token of the summer that was on the way while a keen wind from the north came in reminder of the winter that was passing.

No one would have been any the wiser that there was an uprising taking over the capital if on the island. Only a few would have noticed that there was something amiss, those waiting on the post, which Darrell Figgis was one.

It was not till some hours after noon that, looking along the road for the post that was so unaccountably late, I saw a friend making her way toward the house on her bicycle. As she came nearer and dismounted I could see the traces of tears on her cheeks, and wondered.

“The post is very late,” I said.

“There is no post,” she replied, “but there’s terrible news. There has been fighting in Dublin. they say Dawson Street is full of dead and wounded men. the Volunteers hold the General Post Office, the Bank of Ireland, and a number of buildings all over Dublin…”

It is impossible to say if the friend of Darrell Figgis was Emily, there is a high likelihood that it was, either way Emily got the news and headed to Dublin to play her role in the Rising, except she never got there. Two days later and half way there she was intercepted in Rochfordbridge, Co. Westmeath and brought to court there.

Tullamore Prison Gates

The record still exists and contains the following details:

Name of Justice: M. S. Moore R. M.
Defendant: Emily Weddall
Cause of Complaint: Defense of the Realm
That Defendant on the 28th of April 1916, at Mulling in the county of Westmeath was acting in such a manner as to vie reasonable ground for suspecting that she was about to act in a manner prejudicial to the Defense of the Realm and that she is thereby guilty of an offense against the Regulations made under the Defense of the Realm Act 1914 and was arrested by the Constable Thomas Forkin R. I. Constabulary in accordance of said regulations.

Particulars of order of dismissal: Defendant remanded in Custody for seven days from this as for further examination.

The Complainant was listed as ‘The King’.

Emily was sent to Tullamore Gaol for the duration of the Rising. She was released without further ado. On May 3rd her niece, Enid made her way across the country from Achill to Tullamore to meet her aunt at the prison gates. Enid was only 17 and at the time on Easter holidays from school.

By the time Emily returned to Achill, the Rising was over, Dublin was in ruins, some of her friends including Darrell Figgis were imprisoned and some were no more, executed for their part.

An Cliadeamh Soluis 24/04/1916

Sources
Figgis, Darrell, and William Murphy. A Chronicle of Jails. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2010.
findmypast.ie/record?id=ire%2fpettys%2f005174188%2f00427,parentid=ire%2fpettys%2f005174188%2f00427%2f2687504
http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/chronology-of-the-easter-rising

 

 

Generosity and History Repeats Itself

In April 1917 there was a gift sale held at the Mansion House in Dublin in aid of the Irish National Aid and Volunteer Dependents. Emily, out of generosity and always ready to make a contribution to a cause close to her heart, donated a motor coat, which fetched £20.

“Relics As Bargains

The desk on which Gerald Griffin wrote “The Collegtans” was bought for 22s 6d and two L’enian pikes got £1. A case of butterflies collected in India by the Late Michael Mallin, one of the executed leaders, together with two books of music containing his autograph, presented by his widow bought £1 10s. Twenty pounds were paid for a motor coat presented by Mrs. Weddall and a motor coated lined musquash, given by Mme O’Reilly, reached £10. forty pounds were given for a pan of 6in antique silver candle sticks, Dublin hallmark 1725. Robert Emmet’s Wallet fetched £10 and the block on which he was beheaded was sold for £5 10s. Ten pounds were paid for a silver dish 1774.”

History Repeats Itself

The mentioned block that Robert Emmet was beheaded on is still doing the rounds to this day. It was on display in the entrance hall in the Pearse Museum, St. Enda’s Park associated with Emmet and for a time at Kilmainham Gaol, where he was held before his execution in 1803, completing the full circle. Read more on Robert Emmet:

The donation of the motor coat by Emily was most generous, as at the time the cold reality of her dire financial state was beginning to dawn on her. She was on the eve of becoming penniless. Up until early 1917 Emily was reliant on her income from her stock and shares and any other investments she had in Russia. In March of 1917 the Revolution began to unfold and any finance from there was under threat. Emily was not the most financially astute person and overlooked the bills and notices from the bank stacking up.

 

 

Sources
Freeman’s Journal 21 April 1917
Staffordshire Advertiser 31 May 1919
http://pearsemuseum.ie/online-tour/tour-of-the-house/
http://kilmainhamgaolmuseum.ie/
http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution
Ní Dheirg, Íosold. Emily M. Weddall: Bunaitheoir Scoil Acla. Baile Atha Cliath: Coisceim, 1995.  

19/2016: A Year in Photographs

February

Edenderry

Edenderry

http://edenderryhistory.blogspot.ie/

 March

Easter Sunday/Monday

Achill Easter 2016

June

Reenactment of 1913 Oireachtas Photograph, depicting Emily Weddall

Original 1913 photo. Emily is 6th from left

2016 Reenactment. Photo by

July 2016

Scoil Acla 2016

November 2016

Night at the Pearse Museum

Pearse Museum at night

Pearse Museum at night

http://pearsemuseum.ie/

When: November 1, 2016 @ 7:00 pm – 8:00 pm

Where: Pearse Museum
Saint Enda’s Park
Grange Rd, Haroldsgrange, Dublin 16
Ireland
Cost: Free

Maria Gillen will be giving a lecture on the fascinating life of Emily Weddall in the Pearse Museum on Tuesday, 1 November at 7pm.

dscf2272_2

Emily Weddall, nee Burke 1867-1952 was born in Edenderry, Co. Offaly to a Church of Ireland Minister and his wife. She trained as a nurse in Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital, on qualifying she traveled to France Germany and Russia with her career. In the early 1900’s she married retired sea captain Edward Weddall, the couple settled on Achill in 1906. Around that time she co-founded the Lower Achill Branch of the Gaelic League, and became a regular correspondent, with An Claidheamh Soluis, of which Patrick Pearse was editor. It is through these circles that Emily first met the Pearse family.

Strongly influenced by the cultural revolution of the time, of which Patrick Pearse played a pivotal role in, she co-founded Scoil Acla, an Irish language and cultural school in 1910. Their paths would cross on many occasions, socially, culturally and politically, frequently causing controversy! After 1916 she remained friends with the family and during the struggle for Ireland’s independence, living at their former home at Cullenswood. She took the side of Mrs Pearse, in rejecting the Treaty.

Emily remained a lifelong Republican, her final resting place is in Glasnevin Cemetery in close proximity to the Republican Plot.

Admission is free – no booking required.

Thanks to:

Edenderry Historical society

http://edenderryhistory.blogspot.ie/

Scoil Acla Committee;

www.scoilacla.ie

Pearse Museum

http://pearsemuseum.ie/

Photographs

Achill Easter 2016 by;

Minette Glynn

Town Hall Oireachtas 1913 by;

Aengus McMahon Photography

Creative. Results. Delivered.
Two time PPAI (Photojournalism) award winner
Scoil Acla 2016 by;
Minette Glynn